1. Appendix 2, Figure 1. I Miss You (2003) Performed at the Tate Modern. London.
2. “I'm essentially a painter who also works in performance. I come from a visual art background and not "live art" or theatre”. Franko’s opening statements on his website challenges assumptions about his departure from blood based performance. http://www.franko-b.com/
3. Appendix 1, Figure 5
4. “Physical pain does not simply resist language but actively destroys it, bring about an immediate reversion to a state anterior to language, to the sounds and cries a human being makes before language is learned”. The Body In Pain. Elaine Scarry. p4
5. Corporeal Malediction: Franko B’s Body/Art on the Trace of Whiteness. Amelia Jones
6.,A Philosophical Enquiry Into The Sublime and Beautiful. Edmund Burke. p173-177
7. The New Black. Mark Prince. Art Monthly 11.08
8. Appendix 1, Figure 6
9. In contrast to works such as James Turrell’s Deer Shelter permanently based at the Yorkshire Sculpture Park

10. Aporia: “an irresolvable internal contradiction in a text, argument, or theory”. Oxford English Dictionary

11. Figure 1. Appendix 1

12. The Body in Pain. Elaine Scarry. p8

13. Scarry. p4

14. Scarry continues her discussion on the unsharability of pain in that its cause lies in the fact that pain “takes no object” and therefore “more than any other phenomenon, resists objectification in language.” She states that pain can not be shared because we are unable to objectify it externally to ourselves and therefore are unable to affirm it in the “sharable world”. p5.
15. Scarry. p3

16. Voyeurs of Absence. Blazenka Perica.  www.ute-lindner.de/texte/97text-perica_engl/97text-perica_engl.pdf

17. Franko B. Endnote 2 Dominic Johnson’s essay in Blinded by Love 2006.

18. The Ethics of Psychoanalysis. Book VII. Jacques Lacan. p43

19. Lacan. p43. The loss of the mother object and the world as an extension of, and ruled by ourselves. The absolute terror of individualism and cataclysmic separation.

20. Lacan. p231-232

21. Appendix 1, Figure 3

22. Appendix 1, Figure 2
23. The Two Classes of Instincts. Sigmund Freud On Metapsychology. p381

24. The Economic Problems of Masochism. Freud. p413

25. Freud p381

26. Jones p18

27. Appendix 1, Figure 4
For Scarry’s full argument on the use of pain rituals in religion in contract to the structure of torture, see p34.

29. Amelia Jones. p23

30. Appendix 1. Figure 2

31. The Birth of Tragedy. Friedrich Nietzsche. p39-40

32. British Association of Art Therapists. www.baat.org

33. The Remedy In The Affliction. Thierry Davila. Pulse, Art, Healing and Transformation. P27
34.  Scarry. p 324 The author states that “the made object is simply the made-locus across which the power of creation is magnified and redirected back onto its human agents who are now caught up in the cascade of self-revision they have themselves authored.”  The collective making of “artefacts” creates the necessary gap filling “culture” and our resulting “human evolution”.

35. Scarry. p326

36. Isaiah 41:6. Scary p326

37. Latin legal doctrine. The point in a legal case in which the judgement is made and given. The reason on which the principle of the law is built and forms the binding rule or precedent on lower courts.

38. Appendix 1. Figure 6. The birth of fragile images of hope and new life in the darkness.


Appendix (new page for full appendix)





Franko B: Blinded by Love. Dominic Johnson. 2006 Damiani Publishing.

Franko B: oh lover boy. Manuel Vason, Gray Watson & Sarah Wilson. 2001 Black Dog Publishing.

Franko B. Lois Keidan, Stuart Morgan & Nichola Sinclair. 1998 Black Dog Publishing.

The Body In Pain: The Making and Unmaking of the World. Elaine Scarry. Oxford University Press 1985

The Ethics of Psychoanalysis 1959 – 1960, The Seminar of Jacques Lacan Book VII. Routled Publishing.

The New Black. Mark Prince. November 2008 Art Monthly

Sigmund Freud: On Metapsychology. 1991 Penguin Books.

Touched with Fire: Manic-Depressive Illness and the Artistic Temperament. Dr K Jamison. 1994 Free Press Paperbacks.

Pulse: Art Healing and Transformation. 2003 Steidl / This Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston.

The Birth of Tragedy. Friedrich Nietzsche. 2003 Penguin Classics

A Philosophical Enquiry into the Sublime and Beautiful. Edmund Burke. 1998 Penguin Classics.

Catharsis. Teddy Brunius.  2003 University of Virginia Electronic Library.

Art as a Catharsis. Vygotsky. 1925 Psychology of Art. http://www.marxists.org/archive/vygotsky/works/1925/ch09.htm

Voyeurs of Absence. Blazenka Perica.

In Performance Art, The Performers Themselves Become The Text To Be Read. www.katharyneharrnacker.com/essays/body.doc

The Prestige. 2006. Warner Brothers. Christopher Nolan

Psychoanalysis After Fraud I: (Death, Language and Madness) Jacques Lacan. Video recording. Programme 1: French with subtitles. Channel Four. 1990

Into The Dark Lands. Michelle Sagara West. 2005 Benbella Books.